Jump to content
Click here to check out our structured, online appliance repair training courses for rookies and experienced techs.

FAQs | Repair Videos | Academy | Newsletter | Contact

Stay connected with us...

Subscribe to our YouTube channel for lots of appliance repair tips and help! Subscribe to our MST Radio podcast to learn secrets of the trade. Sign up for our free newsletter and keep up with all things Appliantology.

Appliance Repair Tech Tips

  • entries
    185
  • comments
    564
  • views
    47,098

What You Need to Know to Troubleshoot Vent Hoods


Son of Samurai

2,176 views

Vent hoods are pretty simple appliances -- something you've probably surmised if you've ever looked at the schematic for one. Usually, all they have going on is a blower motor and a couple of lights. When it comes to troubleshooting a hood, there are just two technology-related concepts you need to be familiar with: venting specifications and how multi-speed motors work.

First, venting specs. As with any machine that produces exhaust as part of its operation, vent hoods have certain requirements when it comes to how their venting is configured. Here's a Whirlpool vent hood that gives a 6" diameter vent spec. That's a lot bigger than the 4" diameter dryer vents that we often work with.

Screen Shot 2022-01-27 at 4.10.45 PM.png

There are other factors to consider in a vent as well. In particular, the material the vent is made of and how many bends are in the vent.

Screen Shot 2022-01-27 at 4.18.25 PM.png

Depending on the vent hood, you'll have a maximum equivalent vent length spec that you're working with. All of these examples have been taken from the installation manual for a Whirlpool vent hood.

Each bend in the vent adds a certain number of feet to the equivalent length of the vent. Again, the installation manual will tell you how to calculate this, like so:

Screen Shot 2022-01-27 at 4.08.47 PM.png

What this means is that, if the customer complaint is poor airflow, you need to check the vent to make sure it's within spec. That includes looking at the length, number of bends, and the material it's made of.

Now, how about those speed settings for the motor? Is this some kind of variable speed, inverter-driven BLDC motor we're dealing with?

Nothing quite so sophisticated. Remember -- these are simple machines. All they have are motors with a separate run winding for each speed selection. Does the vent have 3 speed settings? Then the motor has three separate run windings. Whichever speed setting the user selects at the control panel, the appropriate run winding is energized.

Screen_Shot_2022-01-27_at_3_51_04_PM.png

By the way, this same type of motor setup is used on many old-skool washers, so you might already be familiar with it.

And those are the two main aspects you need to know about vent hoods -- I'm going to assume you don't need any help troubleshooting the light bulbs. ;) Pretty simple stuff, but always good to have your mental toolkit as well stocked as your physical one.

Want to understand the underlying technology in all appliances and attain complete troubleshooting mastery? Click here to check out the Core Appliance Repair Training course over at the Master Samurai Tech Academy.

  • Like 6
  • Thanks 2

5 Comments


Recommended Comments

MVrepairs

Posted

Thank you for walking through that.  

  • Like 1
Link to comment

Nice...so if one speed is not working, then one of the windings might be open?  Thanks!

Link to comment
  • Team Samurai
Samurai Appliance Repair Man

Posted

On 3/30/2022 at 1:19 PM, goliad said:

so if one speed is not working, then one of the windings might be open? 

Could be. Or one of the contact sets on the speed selector switch are stuck open. 

  • Like 1
Link to comment
Nicholsseand

Posted

On 4/27/2022 at 12:20 PM, Samurai Appliance Repair Man said:

 the contact sets on the speed selector switch are stuck open. 

That's what I've come across more of the two

Link to comment
×
×
  • Create New...

Important Information

We have placed cookies on your device to help make this website better. You can adjust your cookie settings, otherwise we'll assume you're okay to continue.